Airbus’ ACJ318 and ACJ319
have gained EASA, FAA and GACA Part 135 approval, while a variant of its ACJ319
has also gained CAAC eligibility, making it easier for operators to seek and
obtain approval to carry fare-paying charter passengers.
Operators previously had to
undergo a more demanding approval process, such as Part 121, which is similar
to the more comprehensive approval required of an airline.
The simpler requirements of
Federal Airworthiness Regulation (FAR) Part 135 recognise that business jet
operators typically carry fewer passengers, fly less frequently and operate in
a less demanding environment.
While it is the operator
that seeks and obtains Part 135 approval, the aircraft involved need to comply
with several requirements, and it is this eligibility that has been granted to
the Airbus corporate jets.
These requirements include
that the Airbus corporate jets and their cabins be certificated for public
transport; that the number of seats certificated for taxi, take-off and landing
be less than 30, and that the payload be limited to 7,500 lb/3,400 kg.
Most countries in the world
are either closely linked with, or follow, the regulations of either EASA or
the FAA, while China’s
are based on rules drawn from both authorities.
In addition to simplifying
operator approval, and depending on the country, Part 135 may also bring
benefits for the operator in how the aircraft are taxed and insured, as well as
simplifying operational procedures.